Abstain versus recuse: what's the difference?

Sometimes a judge may wish to be excused from judging a particular entry if, for example, there's a conflict of interest or they are associated with the entrant in some capacity and there is potential bias.

There are two options for a judge to not score an entry: they can abstain or be recused. Abstaining requires action from the judge while recusing requires action from the program manager.


A judge can choose to remove themselves from judging a particular entry provided this option is enabled in the score set.

  • Go to Settings > Score sets
  • Choose the Display tab
  • Select the option next to Judges may abstain

When this is enabled, judges will see an option to Abstain from judging with each entry:


Ticking the box will disable inputting scores in the scoring criteria. If a judge abstains from scoring, they are not taken into account when calculating the average score (since they have not actually scored).


A program manager may want to remove a judge from judging a particular entry. This is done at the entry level and does not notify the judge or affect their ability to judge other entries.

  • Go to Entries > Manage entires
  • Click on an entry
  • Click the Recuse a judge button at the top right

  • Search for the judge by typing some characters from their first or last name
  • Click Recuse

This will only affect the one entry from which they've been recused. They can continue judging other entries that have been assigned to them. Recusal is for individual entries only and must be done one entry at a time.

If a judge is recused after scoring an entry, their score becomes stray and is no longer counted towards the average score.